Radical cystectomy for stages Ta, Tis and T1 transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder.
Between January 1969 and January 1990, 531 patients underwent bilateral pelvic lymph node dissection and radical cystectomy for the management of transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder. Of these procedures 220 were performed for clinical stage Ta (31 patients), Tis (23) or T1 (166) disease, which was either high grade or recalcitrant to transurethral resection and/or intravesical chemotherapy. This subgroup of patients was studied to evaluate the outcome of recurrent or chemotherapy resistant superficial transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder after radical cystectomy. The operative mortality rate for the group was 2.3% and the overall complication rate was 20.4%. The pelvic recurrence rate was 5.9%. The 5-year cancer-specific survival rates for patients with pathological stage Ta (11), Tis (19), T0 (43) and T1 (91) disease were 88%, 100%, 80% and 76%, respectively. The 10-year cancer-specific survival rates were 75%, 92%, 66% and 62%, respectively. A total of 74 patients received preoperative radiation therapy (2,000 rad) but they had no better 5-year cancer-specific survival rates than did nonirradiated patients. Transurethral resection and/or preoperative radiation therapy resulted in a pathological status of T0 in 43 patients but this did not confer a survival advantage. Although bladder preservation is preferable, low operative mortality and pelvic recurrence rates, as well as new methods of continent urinary diversion continue to make radical cystectomy the definitive form of therapy for patients with superficial disease recalcitrant to transurethral therapy.
Amling, CL; Thrasher, JB; Frazier, HA; Dodge, RK; Robertson, JE; Paulson, DF
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