Activity of ornithine decarboxylase and S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase in transient cerebral ischemia: relationship to the duration of vascular occlusion.


Journal Article

Mongolian gerbils were anesthetized with halothane and forebrain ischemia was induced by occluding both common carotid arteries. After 2, 4, 6, 8, or 10 min of vascular occlusion clips were removed and animals allowed to recover for 8 or 24 h. At the end of the experiments animals were reanesthetized and their brains frozen in situ. Tissue samples were taken from the cerebral cortex, striatum, hippocampus, and thalamus for determination of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) and S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase (SAMDC) activity by measurement of the release of 14CO2 from [14C]ornithine and S-[14C]adenosylmethionine, respectively. A transient increase in ODC activity was found after 8 h of recirculation following cerebral ischemia in all brain structures studied. ODC activity was significantly increased after 8 h of recirculation in the hippocampus of animals subjected to 4 min of ischemia, in the cortex and striatum after 6 min of ischemia, and in the thalamus after 8 min of vascular occlusion. ODC activity had already reached a plateau in the hippocampus after 4 min of vascular occlusion and in the cortex, striatum, and thalamus after 8 min, since there is no further increase in activity even after 10 min of ischemia. After cerebral ischemia and 24 h of recirculation ODC activity returned to control levels throughout the forebrain regardless of the duration of ischemia. SAMDC activity was significantly reduced after 8 h of recirculation following 4 to 10 min of ischemia in the cortex and 8 min of ischemia in the striatum.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Röhn, G; Schlenker, M; Paschen, W

Published Date

  • August 1992

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 117 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 210 - 215

PubMed ID

  • 1499693

Pubmed Central ID

  • 1499693

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1090-2430

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0014-4886

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/0014-4886(92)90129-e


  • eng