Response of platelets exposed to potassium tetraperoxochromate, an extracellular source of singlet oxygen, hydroxyl radicals, superoxide anions and hydrogen-peroxide.
When potassium tetraperoxochromate (K3CrO8) is added to platelet suspension media it decomposes to the oxygen species hydrogen peroxide, superoxide radicals, hydroxyl radicals, and singlet oxygen. K3CrO8 induces a reversible shape change and aggregation of human platelets and, in the presence of Tris or sucrose, also the release of serotonin. Its effect on shape change and aggregation is due to the long-lived species hydrogen peroxide and is abolished by indomethacin and acetylsalicylic acid. Superoxide radicals, which are formed from K3CrO8 in HEPES-containing media do not evoke a platelet response. The release of serotonin depends on an interaction of hydroxyl radicals with Tris or sucrose and is associated with excessive formation of thiobarbituric acid-reactive material from platelets. Other scavengers of hydroxyl radicals such as mannitol, dimethylsulfoxide, EDTA or histidine prevent the release and the formation of thiobarbituric acid chromogen. Interaction of hydroxyl radicals with Tris or sucrose most likely results in the generation of short-lived intermediates which may act on platelets to produce thiobarbituric acid chromogen and to promote serotonin release. These effects on platelets are not inhibited by acetylsalicylic acid or indomethacin. Therefore the highly reactive hydroxyl radical and singlet oxygen, when generated extracellularly, do not mediate their effects via the enzyme-catalyzed prostaglandin pathway, in contrast to those evoked by the less reactive hydrogen peroxide.
Wörner, P; Patscheke, H; Paschen, W
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