Mitochondrial respiration during recirculation after prolonged ischemia in cat brain.
Mitochondrial function was examined in cats after 1 h of complete cerebral ischemia and subsequent recirculation periods from 15 min to 56 h. During ischemia the NAD-linked respiratory control ratio and the maximal phosphorylation capacity of "free" and synaptosomal mitochondria decreased to 53% to 76% of control values. During postischemic reperfusion to 6 h, mitochondrial function was restored to 80%, remaining less than control throughout the entire investigated recirculation period with a tendency of secondary deterioration from 12 h of reperfusion onward. ADP: O ratios were unaffected during ischemia, but decreased significantly during early recirculation (15 to 30 min), and were completely restored from 45 min reperfusion onward. Correlation with electrophysiologic recordings revealed that mitochondrial dysfunction was not a limiting factor for neurophysiologic recovery during early recirculation (15 to 90 min). When the recirculation period was extended (greater than 3 h), good neurophysiologic recovery was associated with a return of mitochondrial function to control levels; inversely, poor mitochondrial function was correlated with poor neurophysiologic recovery.
Linn, F; Paschen, W; Ophoff, BG; Hossmann, KA
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