Yeast Cdc42 functions at a late step in exocytosis, specifically during polarized growth of the emerging bud.

Published

Journal Article

The Rho family GTPase Cdc42 is a key regulator of cell polarity and cytoskeletal organization in eukaryotic cells. In yeast, the role of Cdc42 in polarization of cell growth includes polarization of the actin cytoskeleton, which delivers secretory vesicles to growth sites at the plasma membrane. We now describe a novel temperature-sensitive mutant, cdc42-6, that reveals a role for Cdc42 in docking and fusion of secretory vesicles that is independent of its role in actin polarization. cdc42-6 mutants can polarize actin and deliver secretory vesicles to the bud, but fail to fuse those vesicles with the plasma membrane. This defect is manifested only during the early stages of bud formation when growth is most highly polarized, and appears to reflect a requirement for Cdc42 to maintain maximally active exocytic machinery at sites of high vesicle throughput. Extensive genetic interactions between cdc42-6 and mutations in exocytic components support this hypothesis, and indicate a functional overlap with Rho3, which also regulates both actin organization and exocytosis. Localization data suggest that the defect in cdc42-6 cells is not at the level of the localization of the exocytic apparatus. Rather, we suggest that Cdc42 acts as an allosteric regulator of the vesicle docking and fusion apparatus to provide maximal function at sites of polarized growth.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Adamo, JE; Moskow, JJ; Gladfelter, AS; Viterbo, D; Lew, DJ; Brennwald, PJ

Published Date

  • November 12, 2001

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 155 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 581 - 592

PubMed ID

  • 11706050

Pubmed Central ID

  • 11706050

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1540-8140

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0021-9525

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1083/jcb.200106065

Language

  • eng