Gastro-intestinal involvement in Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare infection of patients with HIV.


Journal Article

In a study of 866 faecal specimens from 437 persons, Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare (MAI) was isolated from 14.8% patients with AIDS and 1.3% patients with symptomatic HIV infection but not from any HIV seronegative or asymptomatic HIV seropositive persons. These data support the hypothesis that the gastro-intestinal tract is the portal of entry for MAI and confirm that MAI infection is a manifestation of late-stage HIV disease. Positive faecal cultures correlated well with disseminated disease. The use of faecal cultures for early diagnosis is therefore recommended.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Hellyer, TJ; Brown, IN; Taylor, MB; Allen, BW; Easmon, CS

Published Date

  • January 1, 1993

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 26 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 55 - 66

PubMed ID

  • 8454889

Pubmed Central ID

  • 8454889

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1532-2742

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0163-4453

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/0163-4453(93)96840-m


  • eng