Hypertension in CB57BL/6J mouse model of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.

Published

Journal Article

The C57BL/6J (BL/6) mouse develops non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) when fed a high fat-high simple carbohydrate (HFHSC) diet, whereas A/J mice do not. The purpose of the study was to determine whether hypertension occurred with NIDDM and whether it was sustained by sympathetic nervous system (SNS) hyperactivity. After 3 mo on an HFHSC diet with a low Na content (0.06%), awake, tail-cuff systolic blood pressure (BP) increased 20% above the control diet in BL/6 (138 +/- 3 vs. 115 +/- 4) but not in A/J (115 +/- 6 vs. 113 +/- 2 mmHg) mice. On a normal Na (0.4%)-HFHSC diet, BL/6 mice had a higher BP than on 0.06% Na (149 +/- 3 at 3 mo, 162 +/- 6 at 4.5 mo). After 1 mo on the 0.06% Na-HFHSC diet, direct BP of anesthetized BL/6 mice was 18% higher than control. The hypotensive response to interruption of SNS activity by ganglionic blockade (chlorisondamine) increased in the BL/6 mice (50%), whereas the heart rate response increased in both strains (20-30%). Analysis of variance (ANOVA) on glucose detected significant effects of strain and diet and a strain x diet interaction (P = 0.0007). At 1 or 3 mo, HFHSC-fed BL/6 mice were hyperglycemic (> 11 mM) compared with diet or strain controls. The ANOVA on insulin detected strain and diet effects but not a strain x diet interaction (P = 0.3). HFHSC increased insulin above the control of 140-160 pM in A/J and BL/6 strain (20-70% at 1 mo, 400% at 3 mo).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Mills, E; Kuhn, CM; Feinglos, MN; Surwit, R

Published Date

  • January 1, 1993

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 264 / 1 Pt 2

Start / End Page

  • R73 - R78

PubMed ID

  • 8430889

Pubmed Central ID

  • 8430889

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2163-5773

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0002-9513

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1152/ajpregu.1993.264.1.r73

Language

  • eng