Corticosterone hypersecretion in preweanling rats exposed neonatally to trimethyltin.
Developmental neurotoxicity may be influenced by effects of a compound on endocrine function. Here we report that developmental exposure to TMT increases the corticosterone (CS) response to stress in developing rat pups. Long-Evans rat pups were injected i.p. with either 6 mg/kg TMT hydroxide (in 10 microliters/g BW NaCl) or vehicle on Postnatal Day 5 (PND5) or 10 and were then tested for their CS response to restraint stress on PND12, 16, or 20. In the stress test, pups were maternally deprived in individual compartments of an incubator for 24 hr, and then blood sampled by decapitation either immediately (basal), or 30, 60 or 90 min after the onset of a 15-min period of restraint in a wire-mesh holder. Regardless of TMT exposure or age of testing, this procedure produced a peak in plasma CS at 30 min which then recovered to basal levels by 90 min. TMT exposure on PND5 (Experiment 1) resulted in CS hypersecretion relative to vehicle-injected controls on PND12 and 16 but not PND20. TMT exposure on PND10 (Experiment 2) had no effect at PND12 but elevated CS over vehicle controls at PND16 and 20. PND15 exposure to TMT resulted in CS hypersecretion in pups tested on PND20. Neonatal organotin exposure appears to alter CS secretion in a manner that is influenced by age of exposure and age of testing.
Stanton, ME; Coussons, ME; Kuhn, CM
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