Mu- and kappa-opiate receptor control of prolactin secretion in rats: ontogeny and interaction with serotonin.
The present study explores developmental changes in mu- and kappa-opiate receptor control of PRL secretion. The ontogeny of mu- and kappa-receptor function was determined by assessing the PRL response to the mu-agonist sufentanil (SUF) and the kappa-agonist U50488 in 5-, 10-, 15-, 20-, and 60-day-old rats. Both mu- and kappa-agonists stimulated PRL secretion at all ages. The selectivity of the mu- and kappa-agonists was confirmed by selective blockade with their respective antagonists (beta-funaltrexamine and nor-binaltorphimine). Serotonin mediation of opiate-induced changes in PRL secretion was explored across ontogeny by testing cyproheptadine (CYPRO) blockade of agonist responses in 5-, 10-, 20-, and 60-day-old rats. CYPRO attenuated the PRL response to the mu-agonist SUF in 20- and 60-day-old rats, but not in the 5- or 10-day-old pups. CYPRO did not block the kappa-agonist U50488 at any age. Similarly, pretreatment with parachlorophenylalaine lowered the PRL response to SUF in 60-day-old rats, but not in 10-day-old rats. These results support previous reports of a serotonin-mediated mu control of PRL secretion that develops by day 20 and a kappa control of PRL secretion that is independent of serotonin at all ages. These findings also suggest that a previously reported serotonin-independent mu-receptor-mediated control of PRL secretion can be stimulated early in ontogeny.
Blackford, SP; Little, PJ; Kuhn, CM
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