Electron tunneling through covalent and noncovalent pathways in proteins
A model is presented for electron tunneling in proteins which allows the donor-acceptor interaction to be mediated by the covalent bonds between amino acids and noncovalent contacts between amino acid chains. The important tunneling pathways are predicted to include mostly bonded groups with less favorable nonbonded interactions being important when the through bond pathway is prohibitively long. In some cases, vibrational motion of nonbonded groups along the tunneling pathway strongly inluences the temperature dependence of the rate. Quantitative estimates for the sizes of these noncovalent interactions are made and their role in protein mediated electron transport is discussed. © 1987 American Institute of Physics.
Beratan, DN; Onuchic, JN; Hopfield, JJ
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