Comparative genome sequencing of Drosophila pseudoobscura: chromosomal, gene, and cis-element evolution.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

We have sequenced the genome of a second Drosophila species, Drosophila pseudoobscura, and compared this to the genome sequence of Drosophila melanogaster, a primary model organism. Throughout evolution the vast majority of Drosophila genes have remained on the same chromosome arm, but within each arm gene order has been extensively reshuffled, leading to a minimum of 921 syntenic blocks shared between the species. A repetitive sequence is found in the D. pseudoobscura genome at many junctions between adjacent syntenic blocks. Analysis of this novel repetitive element family suggests that recombination between offset elements may have given rise to many paracentric inversions, thereby contributing to the shuffling of gene order in the D. pseudoobscura lineage. Based on sequence similarity and synteny, 10,516 putative orthologs have been identified as a core gene set conserved over 25-55 million years (Myr) since the pseudoobscura/melanogaster divergence. Genes expressed in the testes had higher amino acid sequence divergence than the genome-wide average, consistent with the rapid evolution of sex-specific proteins. Cis-regulatory sequences are more conserved than random and nearby sequences between the species--but the difference is slight, suggesting that the evolution of cis-regulatory elements is flexible. Overall, a pattern of repeat-mediated chromosomal rearrangement, and high coadaptation of both male genes and cis-regulatory sequences emerges as important themes of genome divergence between these species of Drosophila.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Richards, S; Liu, Y; Bettencourt, BR; Hradecky, P; Letovsky, S; Nielsen, R; Thornton, K; Hubisz, MJ; Chen, R; Meisel, RP; Couronne, O; Hua, S; Smith, MA; Zhang, P; Liu, J; Bussemaker, HJ; van Batenburg, MF; Howells, SL; Scherer, SE; Sodergren, E; Matthews, BB; Crosby, MA; Schroeder, AJ; Ortiz-Barrientos, D; Rives, CM; Metzker, ML; Muzny, DM; Scott, G; Steffen, D; Wheeler, DA; Worley, KC; Havlak, P; Durbin, KJ; Egan, A; Gill, R; Hume, J; Morgan, MB; Miner, G; Hamilton, C; Huang, Y; Waldron, L; Verduzco, D; Clerc-Blankenburg, KP; Dubchak, I; Noor, MAF; Anderson, W; White, KP; Clark, AG; Schaeffer, SW; Gelbart, W; Weinstock, GM; Gibbs, RA

Published Date

  • January 2005

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 15 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 1 - 18

PubMed ID

  • 15632085

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC540289

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1549-5469

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1088-9051

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1101/gr.3059305


  • eng