Links between family relationships and best friendships in the United States and Japan.


Journal Article

This study was designed to examine associations between family relationship quality and friendship quality in the United States and Japan using surveys of representative samples of individuals ranging in age from 13 to 93 in the United States (n = 1498) and Japan (n = 1641). Associations between family relationships and friendships were stronger and more pervasive in Japan than in the United States. In the United States, there was some evidence that having higher quality family relationships was associated with having higher quality friendships; in Japan, there was similar evidence for consistency in quality across relationships, as well as evidence that qualities lacking in one relationship were sometimes present in another. Gender and age did not moderate the associations between family relationship and friendship quality in either country. These findings extend into adulthood work that has previously focused on family relationships and friendships of children and suggest cultural differences in patterns of association between family relationships and friendships.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Lansford, JE

Published Date

  • January 2004

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 59 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 287 - 304

PubMed ID

  • 15612195

Pubmed Central ID

  • 15612195

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1541-3535

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0091-4150

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.2190/xav1-p8cn-lnl4-lyre


  • eng