The effect of compound 48/80 on contractions induced by toluene diisocyanate in isolated guinea-pig bronchus.
We have investigated the ability of compound 48/80 and of histamine H1 and H2 receptor antagonists to inhibit toluene diisocyanate-induced contractions in isolated guinea-pig bronchi. Compound 48/80 (100 micrograms/ml) significantly inhibited toluene diisocyanate-induced contractions. By contrast, the two histamine H1 and H2 receptor antagonists, chlorpheniramine (10 microM) and cimetidine, (10 microM) did not affect toluene diisocyanate-induced contractions, but significantly inhibited contractions induced by exogenously applied histamine (100 microM) and by 48/80. We investigated which mechanisms 48/80 used to inhibit toluene diisocyanate-induced contractions, paying particular attention to the possible involvement of capsaicin-sensitive primary afferents. In vitro capsaicin desensitization (10 microM for 30 min followed by washing) significantly reduced compound 48/80-induced contractions. A capsaicin-resistant component of contraction was also evident. Ruthenium red (3 microM), an inorganic dye which acts as a selective functional antagonist of capsaicin, did not affect 48/80-induced contraction. MEN 10,207 (Tyr5,D-Trp6,8,9,Arg10)-neurokinin A (4-10) (3 microM) a selective antagonist of NK2-tachykinin receptors significantly reduced 48/80-induced contractions. These results show that compound 48/80 inhibits toluene diisocyanate-induced contractions in isolated guinea-pig bronchi. It is likely that two mechanisms are involved in the inhibition: (1) the release of mediators other than histamine by mast cells, (2) an effect of 48/80 on sensory nerves.
Mapp, CE; Boniotti, A; Papi, A; Chitano, P; Coser, E; Di Stefano, A; Saetta, M; Ciaccia, A; Fabbri, LM
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