In vivo exposure to nitrogen dioxide (NO2) induces a decrease in calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and tachykinin immunoreactivity in guinea-pig peripheral airways.

Published

Journal Article

The mammalian respiratory tract is densely innervated by sensory and autonomic fibres. Subsets of the nerves contain bioactive regulatory peptides, such as substance P, calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), and neurokinins. The sensory nervous system responds to inhaled irritants, resulting in a release of neuropeptides and, thus, a decrease in the peptide immunoreactivity of the fibres. We examined the effects of inhaled nitrogen dioxide (NO2), a well-known indoor and outdoor air pollutant, on pulmonary sensory neuropeptides. Guinea-pigs were exposed for 4 h to 18 parts per million (ppm) NO2 or to air (n = 5 each). At the end of the exposure, they were killed with urethane and their lungs were fixed in 1% paraformaldehyde in phosphate-buffered saline. Cryostat sections were stained with antisera to an anatomical nerve marker, protein gene product (PGP) 9.5, and to CGRP and tachykinins, utilizing the avidin-biotinylated peroxidase method. In the noncartilaginous airways (diameter < 250 microns) of NO2-exposed animals, less tachykinin- and CGRP-immunoreactive nerve fibres were found compared with controls. No change was seen in the total nerve fibre distribution (PGP 9.5). It is concluded that the peptidergic nerves of guinea-pig peripheral airways are a sensitive indicator of exposure to nitrogen dioxide.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Lucchini, RE; Springall, DR; Chitano, P; Fabbri, LM; Polak, JM; Mapp, CE

Published Date

  • September 1996

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 9 / 9

Start / End Page

  • 1847 - 1851

PubMed ID

  • 8880101

Pubmed Central ID

  • 8880101

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1399-3003

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0903-1936

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1183/09031936.96.09091847

Language

  • eng