The response of circulating parameters of bone mineral metabolism to ethanol- and EDTA-induced hypocalcemia in the rat.
The mechanism of the acute hypocalcemia that follows acute ethanol administration has not been established. Measurements of parathyroid hormone (PTH) performed during this hypocalcemia reveal conflicting results. We compared the response of ionized calcium (Ca2+), immunoreactive PTH and bone Gla protein (BGP) after ethanol- and EDTA-induced hypocalcemia. 103 male Sprague Dawley rats each weighing approximately 300 g received ethanol and 100 rats of similar weight received EDTA. In each of these studies the animals were divided into experimental and control groups. The ethanol-treated rats received ethanol, 2 g/kg body weight, by ip injection and the EDTA-treated rats received 100 mg EDTA/kg body weight by im injection. Controls received normal saline by the corresponding route of administration. Rats were sacrificed at 0, 30, 60, 90, 180 and 360 min for the measurement of the above parameters. In both experimental groups Ca2+ levels were significantly reduced to the same degree by 30 min with return to control values by 360 min. There was no significant difference in immunoreactive PTH, and BGP between control and ethanol-treated groups. In the EDTA-treated rats, however, PTH values were significantly increased at 30 (P less than 0.005) and BGP at 60 and 90 minutes (P less than 0.005) vs. control. Therefore acute ethanol administration appears to blunt the PTH response to hypocalcemia. A direct inhibitory effect of ethanol on osteoblast function ie BGP production cannot be excluded. In addition, PTH may stimulate BGP.
Thomas, S; Movsowitz, C; Epstein, S; Jowell, P; Ismail, F
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