A novel chloride channel in Vicia faba guard cell vacuoles activated by the serine/threonine kinase, CDPK.
Journal Article (Journal Article)
Calcium-Dependent Protein Kinases (CDPKs) in higher plants contain a C-terminal calmodulin-like regulatory domain. Little is known regarding physiological CDPK targets. Both kinase activity and multiple Ca2+-dependent signaling pathways have been implicated in the control of stomatal guard cell movements. To determine whether CDPK or other protein kinases could have a role in guard cell signaling, purified and recombinant kinases were applied to Vicia faba guard cell vacuoles during patch-clamp experiments. CDPK activated novel vacuolar chloride (VCL) and malate conductances in guard cells. Activation was dependent on both Ca2+ and ATP. Furthermore, VCL activation occurred in the absence of Ca2+ using a Ca2+-independent, constitutively active, CDPK* mutant. Protein kinase A showed weaker activation (22% as compared with CDPK). Current reversals in whole vacuole recordings shifted with the Nernst potential for Cl-and vanished in glutamate. Single channel recordings showed a CDPK-activated 34 +/- 5 pS Cl- channel. VCL channels were activated at physiological potentials enabling Cl- uptake into vacuoles. VCL channels may provide a previously unidentified, but necessary, pathway for anion uptake into vacuoles required for stomatal opening. CDPK-activated VCL currents were also observed in red beet vacuoles suggesting that these channels may provide a more general mechanism for kinase-dependent anion uptake.
- Pei, ZM; Ward, JM; Harper, JF; Schroeder, JI
- December 1996
Volume / Issue
- 15 / 23
Start / End Page
- 6564 - 6574
Pubmed Central ID
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)