Disentangling the impact of low cognitive ability and inattention on social behavior and peer relationships. Conduct Problems Prevention Re search Group.

Published

Journal Article

Examined the shared and unique contributions of low cognitive ability and inattention to the development of social behavior problems and peer relationships of children at the time of school entry. Kindergarten and first-grade assessments of cognitive ability, inattention and prosocial and aggressive behavior were collected for a multisite, normative sample. Sociometric assessments of peer relationships were collected at the end of first grade. Cognitive ability and inattention both contributed to the prediction of social behavior and peer relationships. Low cognitive ability was particularly predictive of prosocial skill deficits, and social behavior mediated the relation between cognitive ability and social preference. Inattention predicted both prosocial skill deficits and elevated aggressive-disruptive behavior problems. Behavior problems partially mediated the relation between inattention and social preference. Identified subgroups of children with elevated levels of inattention or low cognitive ability showed different patterns of peer problems, with low acceptance characteristic of the low cognitive ability (only) group and high dislike ratings characteristic of the inattentive and inattentive/low-ability group. Implications are discussed for the design of early intervention and prevention programs.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Bellanti, CJ; Bierman, KL

Published Date

  • March 2000

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 29 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 66 - 75

PubMed ID

  • 10693033

Pubmed Central ID

  • 10693033

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0047-228X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1207/s15374424jccp2901_7

Language

  • eng