Cumulative Risk and Continuity in Nonparental Care from Infancy to Early Adolescence.


Journal Article

Variations in amounts of nonparental care across infancy, preschool, early elementary school, and early adolescence were examined in a longitudinal sample (N = 438). Of interest was (a) continuity in use of the different arrangements, (b) whether the arrangements were additively and cumulatively associated with children's externalizing behavior problems, and (c) whether predictive relations were accounted for by social-ecological (socioeconomic status, mothers' employment status, marital status) and social-experiential (parenting quality, exposure to aggressive peers) factors. Correlations among overall amounts of care provided little evidence of cross-time continuity. Consistent with the cumulative risk perspective, Grade 1 self-care and Grade 6 unsupervised peer contact incrementally predicted Grade 6 externalizing problems. Most of the predictive associations were accounted for by family background and social relationship factors.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Colwell, MJ; Pettit, GS; Meece, D; Bates, JE; Dodge, KA

Published Date

  • April 2001

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 47 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 207 - 234

PubMed ID

  • 20046544

Pubmed Central ID

  • 20046544

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1535-0266

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0272-930X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1353/mpq.2001.0009


  • eng