Child, parent, and peer predictors of early-onset substance use: a multisite longitudinal study.

Published

Journal Article

The purpose of this study was to identify kindergarten-age predictors of early-onset substance use from demographic, environmental, parenting, child psychological, behavioral, and social functioning domains. Data from a longitudinal study of 295 children were gathered using multiple-assessment methods and multiple informants in kindergarten and 1st grade. Annual assessments at ages 10, 11, and 12 reflected that 21% of children reported having initiated substance use by age 12. Results from longitudinal logistic regression models indicated that risk factors at kindergarten include being male, having a parent who abused substances, lower levels of parental verbal reasoning, higher levels of overactivity, more thought problems, and more social problem solving skills deficits. Children with no risk factors had less than a 10% chance of initiating substance use by age 12, whereas children with 2 or more risk factors had greater than a 50% chance of initiating substance use. Implications for typology, etiology, and prevention are discussed.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Kaplow, JB; Curran, PJ; Dodge, KA; Conduct Problems Prevention Research Group,

Published Date

  • June 2002

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 30 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 199 - 216

PubMed ID

  • 12041707

Pubmed Central ID

  • 12041707

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1573-2835

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0091-0627

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1023/a:1015183927979

Language

  • eng