Diffuse nodular lung disease on chest radiographs: a pilot study of characterization by fractal dimension.

Journal Article

OBJECTIVE: We present a computer-aided diagnostic technique for identifying nodular interstitial lung disease on chest radiographs. The fractal dimension was used as a numerical measure of image texture on digital chest radiographs to distinguish patients with normal lung from those with a diffuse nodular interstitial abnormality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty digitized chest radiographs were classified as normal (n = 10) or as containing diffuse nodular abnormality (n = 10) on the basis of readings assigned according to the classification of the International Labour Organization. Regions of interest (ROIs) measuring 1.28 cm2 were selected from the intercostal spaces of these radiographs. The fractal dimension of these ROIs was estimated by power spectrum analysis. The cases were not subtle. RESULTS: The fractal dimension provided statistically significant discrimination between normal parenchyma and nodular interstitial lung disease. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.90 (+/- 0.02). One operating point provides sensitivity of 88% with a specificity of 80%. CONCLUSION: The fractal dimension can provide a measure of lung parenchymal texture and shows promise as an element of computer-aided diagnosis, characterization, and follow-up of interstitial lung disease.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Floyd, CE; Patz, EF; Lo, JY; Vittitoe, NF; Stambaugh, LE

Published Date

  • November 1996

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 167 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 1185 - 1187

PubMed ID

  • 8911177

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0361-803X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.2214/ajr.167.5.8911177

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States