Influence of changes in pretransplant sensitization on patient and graft survival in cadaver renal transplantation.
Analysis of 2778 primary and 606 regrafted cadaveric donor renal allograft recipients transplanted between June 1977 and July 1982 as part of the South-Eastern Organ Procurement Foundation (SEOPF) Prospective Study was performed to determine the influence of changes in presensitization on graft and patient outcome. Four mutually exclusive groups of patients were identified based on the relative difference in the percentage of panel-reactive antibody (PRA) from highest ever (peak) to most recent (current) pretransplant levels as follows: group 1 (unsensitized): peak = current PRA = 0; group 2 (rising or stable PRA): (peak = current PRA) greater than 0; group 3 (small decrease): (peak - current PRA) = 1-40%;) and group 4 (large decrease): (peak - current PRA) greater than 40%. First-transplant recipients in group 4 had significantly higher mortality when compared with groups 1-3 (P less than 0.002). This decrease in patient survival was evident at 6 months (81% +/- 4 vs 91% +/- 1) and persisted to three years (68% +/- 8 vs 78% +/- 2), and it was associated with a significant (P less than 0.037) increase in death from infectious causes. This finding was even more striking when only transfused recipients were considered: at three years the difference in patient survival was 63% +/- 11 vs. 77% +/- 2. In addition, transfused patients with a decrease in pretransplant PRA of greater than 40% had significantly lower overall graft survival (P less than 0.02) and a higher incidence of irreversible graft rejection (50% +/- 8 vs 33% +/- 1 at two years). For regrafted recipients, there were no differences in patient survival among groups, but those in group 4 had significantly lower graft survival (P less than 0.0033) than groups 1-3. These findings suggest that a substantial decrease in PRA prior to transplant does not necessarily indicate a decrease in potential donor alloreactivity, and in first-graft recipients it may reflect an increased susceptibility to life-threatening infections following transplantation.
Sanfilippo, F; Vaughn, WK; Spees, EK; Bollinger, RR
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