Immediate antecedents of cigarette smoking in smokers with and without posttraumatic stress disorder: a preliminary study.


Journal Article

Using ambulatory methods for 1 day of monitoring, the authors of this study investigated the association between smoking and situational cues in 63 smokers with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and 32 smokers without PTSD. Generalized estimating equations contrasted 682 smoking and 444 nonsmoking situations by group status. Smoking was strongly related to craving, positive and negative affect, PTSD symptoms, restlessness, and several situational variables among PTSD smokers. For non-PTSD smokers, the only significant antecedent variables for smoking were craving, drinking coffee, being alone, not being with family, not working, and being around others who were smoking. These results are consistent with previous ambulatory findings regarding mood in smokers but also underscore that, in certain populations, mood and symptom variables may be significantly associated with ad lib smoking.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Beckham, JC; Feldman, ME; Vrana, SR; Mozley, SL; Erkanli, A; Clancy, CP; Rose, JE

Published Date

  • August 2005

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 13 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 219 - 228

PubMed ID

  • 16173885

Pubmed Central ID

  • 16173885

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1936-2293

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1064-1297

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1037/1064-1297.13.3.219


  • eng