Obesity and psychiatric disorder: developmental trajectories.

Published

Journal Article

OBJECTIVES: To identify age-related trajectories of obesity from childhood into adolescence, and to test the association of these trajectories with the development of psychiatric disorders (conduct disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, substance abuse, depression, and anxiety). METHODS: White children (N = 991) 9 to 16 years old from the Great Smoky Mountains Study, a representative sample of rural youth, were evaluated annually over an 8-year period for height, weight, psychiatric disorder, and vulnerabilities for psychiatric disorder. Longitudinal analyses on the repeated measures data were conducted using developmental trajectory models and generalized estimating equation models. RESULTS: Obesity was 3 to 4 times more common than expected from national rates using Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 2000 criteria. Four developmental trajectories of obesity were found: no obesity (73%), chronic obesity (15%), childhood obesity (5%), and adolescent obesity (7%). Only chronic obesity was associated with psychiatric disorder: oppositional defiant disorder in boys and girls and depressive disorders in boys. CONCLUSIONS: In a general population sample studied longitudinally, chronic obesity was associated with psychopathology.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Mustillo, S; Worthman, C; Erkanli, A; Keeler, G; Angold, A; Costello, EJ

Published Date

  • April 2003

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 111 / 4 Pt 1

Start / End Page

  • 851 - 859

PubMed ID

  • 12671123

Pubmed Central ID

  • 12671123

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1098-4275

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1542/peds.111.4.851

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States