Total synthesis of phomazarin
A concise total synthesis of phomazarin (1) is detailed enlisting a heterocyclic azadiene inverse electron demand Diels-Alder reaction (1,2,4- triazine → pyridine) for preparation of the fully substituted and appropriately functionalized pyridine C-ring. Thus, [4 + 2] cycloaddition (85%) of triethyl 1,2,4-triazine3,5,6-tricarboxylate (2) with trimethoxyethylene (3) followed by conversion of the cycloadduct 11 to the cyclic anhydride 13 provided the phomazarin C-ring with the three carboxylates suitably differentiated. Linkage of the A- and C-rings through selective nucleophilic addition of the aryllithium reagent 9 to the least hindered anhydride carbonyl of 13 followed by Friedel-Crafts closure of the B-ring provided the fully functionalized phomazarin skeleton. The successful structural correlation of synthetic 1 with natural material and its derivatives confirmed the latest structural assignment for the natural product.
Boger, DL; Hong, J; Hikota, M; Ishida, M
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)