The contribution of baseline weight and weight gain to blood pressure change in African Americans: the Pitt County Study.
PURPOSE:The positive association between obesity and blood pressure has been less consistent in African Americans than whites. This is especially true for African American men. This study investigated the sex-specific associations between baseline body mass index (BMI), weight change (kilograms), and five-year hypertension incidence and changes in blood pressure in a cohort of African Americans ages 25-50 years at baseline. METHODS:The Pitt County Study is a longitudinal investigation of anthropometric, psychosocial, and behavioral predictors of hypertension in African Americans. Data were obtained through household interviews and physical examinations in 1988 and 1993. RESULTS:Baseline BMI was positively and independently associated with changes in blood pressure after controlling for weight change and other covariates. When participants were stratified by sex-specific overweight vs. nonoverweight status at baseline, weight gain was significantly associated with increases in blood pressure only among the initially nonoverweight. CONCLUSIONS:Baseline weight for all respondents, and weight gain among the nonoverweight at baseline, were independent predictors of blood pressure increases in this cohort of African Americans.
Curtis, AB; Strogatz, DS; James, SA; Raghunathan, TE
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