The reactive-proactive aggression questionnaire: Differential correlates of reactive and proactive aggression in adolescent boys

Published

Journal Article

This study reports the development of the Reactive-Proactive Aggression Questionnaire (RPQ), and the differential correlates of these two forms of aggression. Antisocial, psychosocial and personality measures were obtained at ages 7 and 16 years in schoolboys, while the RPQ was administered to 334 of the boys at age 16 years. Confirmatory factor analysis indicated a significant fit for a two-factor proactive-reactive model that replicated from one independent subsample to another. Proactive aggression was uniquely characterized at age 7 by initiation of fights, strong-arm tactics, delinquency, poor school motivation, poor peer relationships, single-parent status, psychosocial adversity, substance-abusing parents, and hyperactivity, and at age 16 by a psychopathic personality, blunted affect, delinquency, and serious violent offending. Reactive aggression was uniquely characterized at age 16 by impulsivity, hostility, social anxiety, lack of close friends, unusual perceptual experiences, and ideas of reference. Findings confirm and extend the differential correlates of proactive-reactive aggression, and demonstrate that this brief but reliable and valid self-report instrument can be used to assess proactive and reactive aggression in child and adolescent samples. © 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Raine, A; Dodge, K; Loeber, R; Gatzke-Kopp, L; Lynam, D; Reynolds, C; Stouthamer-Loeber, M; Liu, J

Published Date

  • March 1, 2006

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 32 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 159 - 171

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1098-2337

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0096-140X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/ab.20115

Citation Source

  • Scopus