Strain variation and morphogenesis of yeast- and mycelial-phase Candida albicans in low-sulfate, synthetic medium.
A low-sulfate synthetic medium was developed in which pure cultures of yeast- and mycelial-phase Candida albicans could be cultivated for investigations of the molecular biology of dimorphism. The medium contained ammonium ions, phosphate buffer, salts, glucose, and biotin. Morphogenesis was found to be dependent upon the strain of C. albicans. Of six strains tested in the low-sulfate medium at 37 degrees C, three formed mixed cultures of yeasts, true mycelium and pseudomycelium, two formed pure cultures of true mycelium, and one maintained yeast growth. All six strains produced pure cultures of yeasts at 24 degrees C. The buffering capacity of the medium maintained the pH at 6.9 even at high-density cell growth. The low concentration of sulfate and the absence of amino acids in the medium provided conditions in which to radiolabel cellular constituents with [35S]sulfate. For molecular investigations, the use of two strains is suggested, one forming yeasts and one forming true mycelium in low-sulfate medium at 37 degrees C, thus providing controls for both strain variation and for molecular changes induced by environmental change but unrelated to morphogenesis.
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