Comparison of 5.8S ribosomal DNA sequences among the basidiomycetous yeast genera Cystofilobasidium, Filobasidium and Filobasidiella.
Nucleotide sequences obtained from regions of the ribosomal DNA repeat were compared by phylogenetic methods and combined with a statistical evaluation to clarify the relationships among the genera Cystofilobasidium, Filobasidium (F.) and Filobasidiella (Fl.), to assess the affinity of Filobasidiella neoformans and Filobasidiella depauperata, and to compare the varieties of Fl. neoformans. With appropriate primers, the nuclear 18S, 5.8S and internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions of the ribosomal RNA genes (rDNA) of 10 strains were amplified with the polymerase chain reaction. The resulting DNA products were compared by digestion with endonucleases and analysis of restriction fragments. Single strands of the 5.8S rDNA and ITS regions were subsequently sequenced by the dideoxy method. Statistical support for the phylogeny inferred from parsimony analysis of aligned 5.8S rDNA sequences was determined by bootstrapping. There were no nucleotide substitutions in this region, nor in the ITS, among strains of Fl. neoformans that differ in variety and serotype. There was strong support for retaining Fl. depauperata and Fl. neoformans in the same genus, but nucleotide substitutions can be used to distinguish the two species. There was no support for combining the genera Filobasidium, Filobasidiella or Cystofilobasidium.
Mitchell, TG; White, TJ; Taylor, JW
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