Decreased polyglutamylation of methotrexate in acute lymphoblastic leukemia blasts in adults compared to children with this disease.


Journal Article

We compared blast cells from adult and pediatric patients with untreated acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) (as separated groups of T-lineage cell and B-lineage cell ALL) to determine if methotrexate (MTX) polyglutamate formation in adult patients might be a contributing cause to the known difference in clinical outcome, since MTX is a key drug in chemotherapy regimens. Adult B-lineage cell ALL blasts and blasts from the patients with T-lineage cell ALL accumulated lower amounts of total MTX and polyglutamates, especially long-chain MTX polyglutamates (glu3-6) than pediatric B-lineage cell ALL blasts. In view of the importance of polyglutamylation of MTX as a determinant of cytotoxicity of this drug, decreased formation of MTX polyglutamates is likely a contributing cause to the lower cure rate in adult ALL and T-lineage cell ALL as compared to childhood B-lineage cell ALL.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Göker, E; Lin, JT; Trippett, T; Elisseyeff, Y; Tong, WP; Niedzwiecki, D; Tan, C; Steinherz, P; Schweitzer, BI; Bertino, JR

Published Date

  • July 1993

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 7 / 7

Start / End Page

  • 1000 - 1004

PubMed ID

  • 7686600

Pubmed Central ID

  • 7686600

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0887-6924


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England