Toxicity, elimination, and metabolism of 10-ethyl-10-deazaaminopterin in rats and dogs.
10-Ethyl-10-deazaaminopterin (10-EdAM) is an antifolate compound with greater therapeutic activity than methotrexate against transplanted tumors in mice. When given weekly for 3 weeks, the 10% lethal dose in rats was 125 mg/kg (i.p.) and in dogs it was 2.5 mg/kg (i.v.). The major histopathological findings in intoxicated animals were damage to the mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract in rats and dogs and hypocellularity of the marrow in rats. The elimination of 50 mg/kg of 10-EdAM from the plasma of rats was triexponential with a terminal phase t1/2 of 18.5 h but a mean residence time of 0.7 h. The primary route of elimination in rats was biliary secretion of parent compound and eventual excretion of the parent compound and the deglutamate metabolite in the feces; the 7-hydroxy metabolite was also present in plasma, bile, and feces. Biliary elimination was independent of dose over a 5-fold range. The elimination of 10-EdAM from the plasma of dogs was also triexponential with a mean terminal phase t1/2 of 9.1 h and a mean residence time of 2.5 h; nonrenal clearance was the primary route of elimination. The pharmacokinetic parameters were independent of dose over the range of 0.25 to 5.0 mg/kg. High tissue concentrations of 10-EdAM were observed initially in liver, kidney, and small intestine of rats, while concentrations in bone marrow were low. Some polyglutamate formation was observed in these tissues as early as 0.5 h after drug administration but declined over 72 h.
Fanucchi, MP; Kinahan, JJ; Samuels, LL; Hancock, C; Chou, TC; Niedzwiecki, D; Farag, F; Vidal, PM; DeGraw, JI; Sternberg, SS
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