Pressure transfer between the perilymph and the cerebrospinal fluid compartments in cats.
This is a review of our studies of the labyrinthine fluid pressure in cats subjected to pressure changes in the middle ear (implosive routes) and the cerebrospinal fluid compartment (explosive routes) as well as to changes in vascular and ambient pressures. The perilymph, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), middle ear, venous and arterial pressures were measured with the cochlear aqueduct (CA) patent as well as surgically blocked. Experiments on explosive pressure changes revealed that the perilymph pressure was regulated by the CSF in case of CA patency. The CSF influence was dominant enough to obscure any direct effect on the labyrinth from other sources. With the CA obstructed the CSF influence on the labyrinth was apparently mainly via the endolymphatic sac and duct although limited and much delayed. Systemic arterial pressure changes had a pronounced influence on the perilymph pressure, but this effect was revealed only when the CSF influence was reduced by CA obstruction. Experiments on implosive and ambient pressure changes suggested that there was no fundamental difference in the perilymph response to equivalent levels of implosive versus hypobaric pressure. Three factors determined the effect of implosive and hypobaric pressure: the patency of the CA, the rate of the pressure change, and the eustachian tube function.
Carlborg, BI; Konrádsson, KS; Carlborg, AH; Farmer, JC; Densert, O
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