Disruption of ligand binding to the insulin-like growth factor II/mannose 6-phosphate receptor by cancer-associated missense mutations.
The insulin-like growth factor II/mannose 6-phosphate receptor (IGF2R) carries out multiple regulatory and transport functions, and disruption of IGF2R function has been implicated as a mechanism to increase cell proliferation. Several missense IGF2R mutations have been identified in human cancers, including the following amino acid substitutions occurring in the extracytoplasmic domain of the receptor: Cys-1262 --> Ser, Gln-1445 --> His, Gly-1449 --> Val, Gly-1464 --> Glu, and Ile-1572 --> Thr. To determine what effects these mutations have on IGF2R function, mutant and wild-type FLAG epitope-tagged IGF2R constructs lacking the transmembrane and cytoplasmic domains were characterized for binding of insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-II and a mannose 6-phosphate-bearing pseudoglycoprotein termed PMP-BSA (where PMP is pentamannose phosphate and BSA is bovine serum albumin). The Ile-1572 --> Thr mutation eliminated IGF-II binding while not affecting PMP-BSA binding. Gly-1449 --> Val and Cys-1262 --> Ser each showed 30-60% decreases in the number of sites available to bind both (125)I-IGF-II and (125)I-PMP-BSA. In addition, the Gln-1445 --> His mutant underwent a time-dependent loss of IGF-II binding, but not PMP-BSA binding, that was not observed for wild type. In all, four of the five cancer-associated mutants analyzed demonstrated altered ligand binding, providing further evidence that loss of IGF2R function is characteristic of certain cancers.
Byrd, JC; Devi, GR; de Souza, AT; Jirtle, RL; MacDonald, RG
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