Resistance to chemotherapeutic drugs overcome by c-Myc inhibition in a Lewis lung carcinoma murine model.
Chemotherapy resistance is a significant obstacle in lung cancer therapy, and has been found to frequently correlate with amplification and overexpression of the c-myc oncogene. Earlier studies have shown that c-Myc inhibition alone is not always effective in cancer models. The purpose of this study was to test different dosing regimen, which included commonly used chemotherapeutic drugs in combination with c-Myc inhibition in a Lewis lung syngeneic drug-resistant murine tumor model. Inhibition of c-myc was specifically achieved by using phosphorodiamidate Morpholino oligomer (PMOs), a novel, non-toxic antisense DNA chemistry for inhibition of gene expression by an RNase H-independent mechanism. When administration of cisplatin overlapped with c-myc PMO (AVI-4126) treatment there was no additional effect on tumor growth inhibition compared to cisplatin alone. In contrast, using a dosing regimen in which cisplatin or taxol treatment preceded AVI-4126, a dramatic decrease in tumor growth rate was observed with tumor areas less then 0.5 cm2 in 60% of the animals at the end of the study. This effect was specific to c-Myc inhibition as other antisense PMOs against p21 or Rad51 showed no such effect in combination with chemotherapy. Immunoblot and HPLC-based analysis of tumor lysates at the end of the study confirmed c-Myc inhibition and detection of intact AVI-4126, respectively. In conclusion, AVI-4126 potentiates the efficacy of chemotherapeutic drugs in a manner that is schedule dependent.
Knapp, DC; Mata, JE; Reddy, MT; Devi, GR; Iversen, PL
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