Use of C6-deficient rats to evaluate the mechanism of hyperacute rejection of discordant cardiac xenografts.

Published

Journal Article

C plays a critical role in the hyperacute rejection (HAR) of discordant xenografts (Xg), but the relative contribution of early vs late C components is unknown. In this study, genetic differences in C6 activity were correlated with HAR of guinea pig cardiac Xg by the rat. Seven rat strains were tested for C activity. Six strains (PVG.R1 (R1), PVG.1A (1A), DA, W/F, F344, LEW) had readily detectable C activity in the total and alternative pathways. Some PVG rats also had adequate C activity [PVG (C+)] but others [PVG (C-)] had a profound C6 deficiency. All rats with adequate C activity (n = 35) rejected cardiac Xg between 15 and 80 min. PVG (C+) (n = 6) rats also rejected cardiac Xg hyperacutely (26 +/- 12 min), whereas PVG (C-) (n = 16) rats, which had high preformed IgM natural antibody titers, rejected cardiac Xg in 1 to 2 days (2678 +/- 542 min). Transfer of serum from R1 rats to PVG (C-) recipients with vigorously beating Xg caused HAR of cardiac Xg within 116 +/- 75 min. Transfer of fresh PVG (C-) serum or heat-inactivated R1 serum did not induce HAR. HAR was characterized by intravascular platelet aggregation and interstitial hemorrhage, whereas Xg transplanted to PVG (C-) recipients had patent vessels at 30 min but were heavily infiltrated by granulocytes and monocytes at 2 days. These findings indicate that a deficiency in C6 prevents HAR but allows an accelerated acute rejection that may be mediated by the generation of vasoactive and chemotactic C3a and C5a.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Brauer, RB; Baldwin, WM; Daha, MR; Pruitt, SK; Sanfilippo, F

Published Date

  • December 1993

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 151 / 12

Start / End Page

  • 7240 - 7248

PubMed ID

  • 8258722

Pubmed Central ID

  • 8258722

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1550-6606

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-1767

Language

  • eng