Generation of primary tumor-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes from autologous and human lymphocyte antigen class I-matched allogeneic peripheral blood lymphocytes by B7 gene-modified melanoma cells.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Expression of B7.1 costimulatory molecules on tumor cells has been shown to elicit antitumor immunity in mice. In the present study, we have developed a human B7.1 retroviral vector system to effectively transduce human melanoma cell lines and investigated the potential role of B7.1 in the generation of tumor-specific CTLs from peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) in vitro. We have demonstrated that B7.1-modified melanoma cells are able to induce primary CTL activity from autologous, human lymphocyte antigen (HLA) class I-matched allogeneic PBLs and purified CD8+ T cells in the absence of exogenous cytokines. CTLs generated by B7.1 are tumor specific and HLA class I restricted, and CD8+ T cells are primarily responsible for this specific cytotoxicity. Furthermore, CTLs generated from HLA class I-matched PBLs by B7.1 are cytolytic to tumor cells autologous to the stimulated PBLs. These data suggest that B7.1-modified tumor cells can be used as a potent tumor vaccine for both autologous and HLA class I-matched allogeneic patients.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Yang, S; Darrow, TL; Seigler, HF

Published Date

  • April 15, 1997

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 57 / 8

Start / End Page

  • 1561 - 1568

PubMed ID

  • 9108460

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0008-5472

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States