Improved tolerance of the pediatric myocardium to brain death.
The occurrence of brain death has been shown to significantly diminish left ventricular function in the adult porcine model. This study examined whether the pediatric myocardium is as sensitive as the adult myocardium to the detrimental effects of brain death in the porcine model. Left ventricular intracavitary pressure and major and minor axis epicardial dimensions were measured in eleven 1-month old pigs (7.5 to 10 kg) during a vena caval occlusion. Brain death was induced in six pigs by acutely ligating the brachiocephalic and left subclavian arteries. The remaining five pigs served as controls. Data were then collected every hour for 6 hours. The plot of the stroke work versus the end diastolic volume, called the preload recruitable stroke work relationship, was determined from the measured pressure and calculated intracavitary volume data. The slope of this linear relationship is an index of contractility, and the x intercept (Vo) is an index of diastolic mechanics. At each hour after instrumentation two vena caval occlusions were performed, and the mean slope of the preload recruitable stroke work line was calculated as a percentage of the baseline slope in both the brain-dead and control group. The mean values from the brain-dead pigs were 118%, 138%, 126%, 154%, 123%, and 87% of the baseline value for the 6 hours after brain death. The mean control values were 128%, 117%, 133%, 123%, 114%, and 111% of baseline for the 6 hours after instrumentation alone.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Peterseim, DS; Meyers, CH; Craig, DM; Davis, JW; Campbell, KA; D'Amico, TA; Van Trigt, P
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