Depletion of total antioxidant capacity in type 2 diabetes.
The purpose of the study was to examine the relationship between antioxidant depletion, glycemic control, and development of chronic complications in a controlled population of type 2 diabetic patients. Fifty age-matched type 2 diabetic patients receiving sulfonylureas but not insulin treatment were screened and assigned to two groups based on the presence or absence of proteinuria. A third group of normal subjects without diabetes were also enrolled in the study. All subjects in the three groups were Egyptians who were matched for body weight, and the two diabetic groups were also age-matched. Plasma glucose and fructosamine levels were higher in the two groups of diabetic patients versus the control group, but lipid peroxide levels were higher only in the patients with proteinuria. Compared with the control group, the total antioxidant capacity was depleted in the two diabetic groups, but the depletion was more severe in patients with proteinuria. Thus, the mean Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC) of the control group was 2.7+/-0.45, versus 1.7+/-0.5 (P < .001) in the patients without proteinuria. Furthermore, the TEAC measured in patients with proteinuria, who also had more diabetic complications, was lower (1.4+/-0.5, P < .001) than the TEAC in patients without urinary protein. In conclusion, a depletion of the total antioxidant capacity is associated with a higher incidence of diabetic complications.
Opara, EC; Abdel-Rahman, E; Soliman, S; Kamel, WA; Souka, S; Lowe, JE; Abdel-Aleem, S
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