Effect of Ebstein's anomaly on short- and long-term outcome of surgically treated patients with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome.
BACKGROUND:Ebstein's anomaly is the most commonly occurring congenital abnormality associated with the Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome. However, the effects of Ebstein's anomaly on the risks and benefits of surgical ablation of accessory pathways in patients with WPW syndrome are unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS:This study compared the long-term outcome of 38 WPW patients with Ebstein's anomaly undergoing accessory pathway ablation to a reference population of 384 similarly treated patients without the anomaly. Ebstein's anomaly was mild in 21 patients (55%) and moderate-to-severe in 17 patients (45%). Sixteen patients (42%) required tricuspid valve surgery, and 23 (61%) had an atrial septal defect or patent foramen ovale repaired. Baseline clinical characteristics and preoperative clinical arrhythmias were similar in both groups. Ten-year survival was 92.4% and 91.2% for patients with and without Ebstein's anomaly, respectively (p = NS). During a mean follow-up of 6.2 +/- 3.8 and 5.3 +/- 3.6 years, 82% of patients with and 90% without Ebstein's anomaly had either clinically insignificant or no arrhythmias, and 18% versus 10% reported symptoms suggesting arrhythmias lasting longer than 1 minute, respectively. Atrial fibrillation was reduced postoperatively to 9% (p less than 0.001) in patients with and to 4% (p less than 0.001) in those without the anomaly. Fewer hospitalizations were reported postoperatively by 90% versus 96% of patients with and without Ebstein's anomaly; 9.4% versus 6.0% of patients were disabled at follow-up, respectively (p = NS). CONCLUSIONS:Patients with Ebstein's anomaly are improved significantly after accessory pathway ablation. The presence of this anomaly should not preclude accessory pathway ablation in these patients.
Pressley, JC; Wharton, JM; Tang, AS; Lowe, JE; Gallagher, JJ; Prystowsky, EN
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