Argon beam coagulation compared with cryoablation of ventricular subendocardium.
The Argon Beam Coagulator uses radiofrequency energy to excite argon gas that may be used for ventricular ablation. The effects of power level and number of applications of the Argon Beam Coagulator were compared wtih cryothermia. Ten mongrel dogs underwent cardiac extirpation. The endocardial surfaces of 5 hearts were used for the creation of lesions using the Argon Beam Coagulator at five power levels with either one or two applications. Five hearts were used for endocardial and epicardial lesions using cryothermia (15-mm-diameter probe at -70 degrees C) for 1, 2, 3, or 4 minutes. The Argon Beam Coagulator lesions showed an increase in depth with increasing power levels (2.25 +/- 1.05 mm at 50 W to 6.64 +/- 0.75 mm at 150 W) and number of applications (maximum depth of 6.64 +/- 0.75 mm with one application, 11.2 +/- 1.1 mm with two applications). Cryothermia lesions were similar in depth regardless of duration or site of application (range, 6.1 to 10.2 mm). Both techniques resulted in homogeneous and well-demarcated lesions. These data show that the Argon Beam Coagulator results in discrete endocardial lesions, which may be created quickly and reproducibly. This may be a useful alternative for the operative ablation of endocardial scar in the treatment of ventricular tachycardia.
Hendry, PJ; Mikat, EM; Anstadt, MP; Plunkett, MD; Lowe, JE
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