Current morbidity, mortality, and survival after bronchoplastic procedures for malignancy.
The number of patients reported to have undergone bronchoplastic procedures has increased nearly fourfold in the past decade. These techniques represent excellent surgical therapy for patients with benign endobronchial lesions, traumatic airway disruptions, or tumors of low-grade malignant potential, and for select patients with surgically resectable lung cancer. Eighty-nine percent of bronchoplastic procedures are performed for malignancy. We reviewed 1,915 bronchoplastic procedures for carcinoma reported over the past 12 years to determine the incidence of complications and survival. Complications included local recurrence (10.3%), 30-day mortality (7.5%), pneumonia (6.7%), atelectasis (5.4%), benign stricture or stenosis (5.0%), bronchopleural fistulas (3.5%), empyema (2.8%), bronchovascular fistulas (2.6%), and pulmonary embolism (1.9%). Results were further stratified into sleeve lobectomy and sleeve pneumonectomy groups. Five-year survivals for stage I, II, and III carcinoma were 63%, 37%, and 21%, respectively. Sleeve lobectomy for carcinoma extends surgical therapy to select patients with complication rates comparable to pneumonectomy and long-term survival similar to that for conventional resections.
Tedder, M; Anstadt, MP; Tedder, SD; Lowe, JE
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
Pubmed Central ID
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)