Quantitative analysis of right and left ventricular infarction in the presence of postinfarction ventricular septal defect.
To quantitate the amount of right and left ventricular infarction in patients dying with postinfarction ventricular septal defect (PIVSD), hearts from 54 patients with anterior or inferior myocardial infarction were studied at autopsy. Fifteen hearts had myocardial infarction with PIVSD and 39 hearts had infarction without PIVSD and were used as a comparison group. All infarcts were sized histologically and the percent of each ventricle infarcted was quantitated by computer-assisted planimetry. The pathologic substrate for PIVSD was diffuse coronary artery disease with acute thrombosis resulting in transmural confluent infarction. Within the PIVSD group, there was significantly more left ventricle involved in anterior infarctions than in inferior infarctions (p less than .04). Conversely, there was more right ventricular infarction in inferiorly located myocardial infarctions with resulting PIVSD (p = .059). When infarctions resulting in PIVSD were compared with infarctions not resulting in PIVSD, the PIVSD group was characterized by larger left and right ventricular infarcts irrespective of infarct location (p less than .003). The incidence of right ventricular infarction was 100% in the PIVSD group (p less than .0001). Twelve of the 15 patients with PIVSD (80%) developed cardiogenic shock within 48 hr of septal rupture. The high incidence of shock and the rapid deterioration may have been secondary to right ventricular infarction in these patients. Therefore, infarcts resulting in PIVSD and subsequent death are characterized by a high incidence of right ventricular infarction. Significantly more infarction of the right ventricle is seen in either anterior or inferior infarctions resulting in PIVSD compared with infarctions not resulting in PIVSD. PIVSD complicating inferior infarctions is associated with the greatest amount of right ventricular infarction.
Cummings, RG; Reimer, KA; Califf, R; Hackel, D; Boswick, J; Lowe, JE
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