Prophylactic implantable defibrillator patches in patients at high risk for malignant ventricular dysrhythmias.
The indications for prophylactically placing implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) patches at cardiac surgery are unclear. Over the past 4 years, 25 patients have undergone placement of prophylactic ICD patches at the authors' institution. Indications were severe coronary artery disease with ventricular tachycardia (VT) (n = 14) or ventricular fibrillation (VF) (n = 2), and left ventricular aneurysmectomy and/or subendocardial resection (SER) (n = 9). Four patients died in-hospital, three from refractory VT (which could be transthoracically cardioverted until recurrence was unremitting), and one from congestive heart failure (CHF). All of the remaining 21 patients underwent post-operative electrophysiologic studies (EPS), and 12 had inducible VT (8/14 CABG, 4/7 SER). Eight of the 12 inducible patients had generators implanted, whereas 3 patients were controlled medically. One patient refused generator implantation and died at home from sudden cardiac death, and one initially non-inducible patient required late ICD generator placement, yielding a total of nine patients who received generators. All nine of these patients are currently alive at 14 +/- 7 months follow-up, and five have subsequently received appropriate ICD discharges. In patients undergoing cardiac surgery considered preoperatively or intraoperatively to be at increased risk for VT/VF and too unstable for preoperative EPS, prophylactic ICD patches should be considered.
Tedder, M; Anstadt, MP; Wharton, JM; Revishvili, AS; Hegde, SS; Lowe, JE
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