Effects of nitric oxide after cardiac transplantation in the setting of recipient pulmonary hypertension.
BACKGROUND: Recipient pulmonary hypertension secondary to chronic congestive heart failure is a significant risk factor for right ventricular failure after cardiac transplantation. In this study, the hemodynamic and inotropic effects of nitric oxide (NO) were examined after bicaval cardiac transplantation in the setting of monocrotaline pyrrole-induced recipient chronic pulmonary hypertension. METHODS: Twenty dogs underwent 10 successfully completed transplantation experiments. Recipients underwent pulmonary artery injection of 3 mg/kg monocrotaline pyrrole 4 months before transplantation. Measurements were taken 1 hour after cessation of cardiopulmonary bypass and after NO inhalation. Pulmonary vascular impedance was calculated using Fourier analysis, and cardiac function was assessed with load-insensitive means (preload recruitable stroke work). RESULTS: At the time of transplantation, the precardiopulmonary bypass levels of pulmonary vascular resistance in recipient animals were significantly greater when compared with donor levels, and were further significantly increased after cardiopulmonary bypass. Three recipients died after transplantation secondary to acute right ventricular failure. In the surviving animals, NO led to significant improvements in pulmonary vascular resistance and vascular impedance, which occurred in association with significant increases in transpulmonary efficiency. No significant changes were observed in right and left ventricular preload recruitable stroke work after NO inhalation. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that NO may be an effective means to improve vascular impedance and pulmonary vascular efficiency after cardiac transplantation in the setting of recipient chronic pulmonary hypertension.
Chen, EP; Bittner, HB; Davis, RD; Van Trigt, P
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