Endoscopic staple-assisted esophagodiverticulostomy: an excellent treatment of choice for Zenker's diverticulum.
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the present study are to review the technique of endoscopic staple-assisted esophagodiverticulostomy (ESED) for the treatment of Zenker's diverticulum and to describe our experience and modifications with ESED and the advantages of ESED over previous treatments of Zenker's diverticulum. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of 74 cases of ESED performed for the treatment of Zenker's diverticulum. METHODS: Patient's records were retrospectively reviewed and tabulated for age, sex, size of diverticulum, symptoms, duration of symptoms, operative time, length of postoperative hospital stay, oral intake, complications, and relief of symptoms. RESULTS: The senior author (R.L.S) previously reported results in 36 cases of ESED performed in 34 patients with Zenker's diverticulum. We have performed an additional 38 cases of ESED in 37 patients between March 1997 and August 1999. The rate of success of ESED was similar between the two series The average perioperative time, time until oral intake, and length of postoperative hospital stay decreased in the second series. Overall, there were no mortalities and few complications with ESED. Compared with other forms of treatment of Zenker's diverticulum, such as Dohlman's procedure, diverticulectomy, and diverticulopexy, ESED has a similar rate of success, decreased perioperative time, decreased convalescence, and decreased mortality and complications. CONCLUSIONS: Cost-effectiveness, safety, and efficacy of ESED offer new advantages over previously used treatments for Zenker's diverticulum. These results continue to support the use of ESED as the initial treatment of choice for patients with Zenker's diverticulum.
Cook, RD; Huang, PC; Richstmeier, WJ; Scher, RL
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