Cholecystokinin is not a peripheral satiety signal in the dog.
The doses of cholecystokinin (CCK) that have been shown to cause satiety after peripheral administration are pharmacological and whether "physiological" doses of exogenous CCK or endogenously released CCK have a satiety effect is not known. The purpose of the present study is threefold: to compare the potency of endogenous and exogenous CCK for their satiety, cholecystokinetic, and pancreozyminic actions; to determine whether small doses of CCK in the presence of gastric distension cause satiety; and to test the satiety effect of CCK administered centrally into the lateral cerebral ventricle. Dogs were prepared with cerebroventricular guides and esophageal and duodenal fistulas (n = 4), with chronic bile fistulas (n = 8), and chronic pancreatic fistulas (n = 7). Satiety effect was quantified in the esophageal fistula dog by the amount of blenderized food sham fed within 7.5 min. Duodenal perfusion of fat, used as a releaser of endogenous CCK, stimulated pancreatic protein, and gallbladder contraction with D50 values of 1.5 and 0.3 mmol/h, respectively, but had no effect on the volume sham fed (316 +/- 82 ml/min without and 371 +/- 41 ml/min with the maximal dose of sodium oleate infused). The D50 values of CCK-8 (pmol X kg-1 X h-1) for satiety and for stimulation of pancreatic enzyme secretion and gallbladder contraction were 440, 120, and 22, respectively. Injection of CCK-8 into the lateral cerebral ventricle inhibited sham feeding in a dose-dependent manner. We conclude that duodenal fat in doses producing maximal gallbladder and pancreatic stimulation has no satiety effect in the dog.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Pappas, TN; Melendez, RL; Strah, KM; Debas, HT
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