Immediate and long-term outcomes after lateral pancreaticojejunostomy for chronic pancreatitis.
Lateral pancreaticojejunostomy (LPJ) is the recommended surgical treatment of intractable pain from chronic pancreatitis (CP) with obstruction and ductal dilatation. This study evaluated the etiology, morbidity, mortality, hospital costs, and quality of life (QL) for patients with LPJ for CP. Medical records of 60 patients undergoing LPJ for CP between 1988 and 1996 were reviewed. Long-term QL was assessed by the Short Form 36 Health Survey and analyzed against control populations of patients who underwent pancreatic debridement for necrosis and patients with laparoscopic cholecystectomy for cholelithiasis. CP etiologies included 52 per cent alcoholic, 28 per cent idiopathic, 13 per cent pancreatic divisum, and 7 per cent familial pancreatitis. Peri- and postoperative morbidity and mortality were 25 and 0 per cent respectively. Average hospital cost was $13,530 with mean postoperative hospital stay of 12.1 days. Overall physical and mental QL were diminished compared with both the debridement group and cholecystectomy group with particular detriments in areas of physical role (P < 0.05), bodily pain (P < 0.001), social function (P < 0.001), and mental health (P < 0.001). We conclude that LPJ for CP is a relatively safe procedure with low morbidity and mortality but results in a significantly diminished long-term QL relative to other surgical patients with pancreatic or biliary disease. This difference prevails in both physical and mental aspects of health.
Kalady, MF; Broome, AH; Meyers, WC; Pappas, TN
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