Intraoperative techniques to prevent air leaks.
Persistent air leaks prolong chest tube duration and hospital stay after lung surgery. Air leaks also may lead to life-threatening empyemas. Preventing postoperative air leaks and BPFs is the best treatment for air-leak complications. Meticulous closure of parenchymal, pleural, and bronchial defects is the mainstay of air-leak control. The reinforcement of parenchymal suture and staple lines, pleural apposition, and well-vascularized tissue-flap coverage of bronchial suture and staple lines further reduce the incidence of prolonged air leaks and BPFs.
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