Thoracoscopy and video-assisted thoracic surgery in the treatment of lung cancer.
The contemporary surgical repertoire for the evaluation and treatment of patients with lung cancer includes the bronchoscope, mediastinoscope, thoracoscope, and standard surgical instrumentation. The recent advances in video optics and the development of endoscopic instruments have significantly expanded the surgical options for patients with lung cancer. Thoracoscopy, or the more inclusive term of video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS), has been characterized as "minimally invasive" surgery. Thoracoscopy and VATS have decreased operative trauma and facilitated surgical staging prior to neoadjuvant therapy. An ancillary benefit to diminished surgical morbidity is shorter hospital stays with a concomitant reduction in costs to the patient and health-care system. These advantages make VATS ideal for elderly patients or patients with significant comorbidity.
Mentzer, SJ; DeCamp, MM; Harpole, DH; Sugarbaker, DJ
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