The surgical management of lung cancer.
Since the introduction of the pneumonectomy as a technically feasible strategy for the treatment of lung cancer, surgical resection has played a pivotal role in the management of early stage non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). In the last two decades, surgical, medical, and radiation oncologists have produced a growing body of evidence to support the combination of neoadjuvant or adjuvant treatments with standard surgical resection, to improve disease-free and overall survival for specific patient subgroups. Furthermore, alternatives to aggressive surgical management have evolved for patients who are medically inoperable due to compromised pulmonary function or other comorbidities. In this review, surgical options and multimodal treatment strategies are discussed, as well as completed and ongoing clinical trials addressing the surgical management of NSCLC.
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