The role of scleral buckle in experimental posterior penetrating eye injury.
PURPOSE: Although episcleral buckles are frequently placed as an additional procedure to vitreoretinal surgery, little is known about their independent effect after ocular trauma. The authors created a posterior penetrating ocular injury model to evaluate the isolated role of primary episcleral buckle placement. METHODS: Twenty eyes underwent surgery. The penetrating injury consisted of two 5-mm circumferential incisions placed five clock hours apart and 8 mm behind the limbus. A segmental episcleral buckle was placed over a randomly chosen injury site after wound closure. The degrees of fibrous proliferation, traction, and the presence of retinal detachment were evaluated on follow-up examinations. After enucleation and initial fixation, tissue sectioning was performed, and the greatest dimension of the fibrous proliferation at both wound sites was measured with a caliper. RESULTS: Two eyes were excluded from the study. Three eyes developed a retinal detachment; the remaining 15 eyes showed varying degrees of proliferation and traction on the retina. The greatest dimension of the fibrous proliferation at the buckle site (1.22 +/- 1 mm) was significantly different from that at the nonbuckle site (2 +/- 1.45 mm, P = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Primary episcleral buckle placement at the time of surgical repair reduces vitreous traction from the buckle site and decreases the degree of fibrovascular proliferation.
Men, G; Peyman, GA; Kuo, PC; Bezerra, Y; Ghahramani, F; Naaman, G; Livir Rallatos, C; Lee, PJ
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